One of the first trades immigrants engaged in in cities was that of barbers. In 1904 there was only one Japanese barber shop in Lima, attended by its owner and a helper. As the clientele grew the number of helpers also increased, and after 2 or 3 years of work as helpers they would become independent and opened their own shops. Thus barber shops multiplied and in 1907 the Association of Japanese Berbers of Lima was established — the first Japanese business association to be formed in Peru — integrated by fifty establishments. They had their bylaws in Spanish and managed a Spanish language school.
The image shows a barber shop in Chincha Alta, in Ica Department, south of Lima.